German Short Rows
On knit rows, work in pattern to the short row (“SR”), then knit one more stitch. Turn work, slip one stitch to RHN, bring the yarn over and around needle back to the working position for purling. Pull the yarn firmly to pull up the purl bump from the stitch below, creating an odd-looking double stitch.
On purl rows, work in pattern to “SR”, then purl one more stitch. Turn work, bring the yarn to the front, slip one stitch to the RHN, then bring the yarn over the needle to the back, into the position for knitting. Pull the yarn firmly to pull up part of the stitch from the row below, creating an odd-looking double stitch.
When working past the SR stitches, pick up both parts of the double stitch and work them together as one – ie, knit them together, or purl them together.
w&t: Wrap & Turn Short Rows, and Picking up the Wraps
A demonstration of the wrap and turn (w&t) short row technique: Bring the yarn to the front of the work between the needles, then slip (knitwise) the next stitch to the RHN. Take the yarn around the stitch to the back of the work, and slip the stitch (purlwise) back to the LHN. Turn and continue. When working these wraps later, pick up the wrap and lift it right over the wrapped stitch so that it sits behind the formerly wrapped stitch. Work it together which the stitch that was wrapped: for knit stitches, k2tog through the back loops; for purl stitches, p2tog.